A teen refills his medication at the Botswana Baylor Clinic pharmacy

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If you would like additional information regarding HIV, Botswana, and Adolescent HIV, please check out the following articles and webpages.


UNAIDS 2013 Global report on AIDS can be found here


Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa with a population of 2.1 million. After gaining independence in 1966, Botswana has had strong economic growth and a peaceful transition into democracy. 

The United Nations estimates (2013) that:

  • 320,000 people are living with HIV in Botswana.
  • 96,000 orphans due to HIV age 0-17
  • Prevalence rate of 21.9% adults age 15-49

 Globally, Botswana has had one of the most success Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission programs, where the infection rate dropped from 40%, to a current rate of 3-4% of infants born HIV positive.

Adolescent HIV:

With 90% of HIV positive Batswana on ARVs, infants born HIV positive are living into adolescence and beyond. http://www.who.int/hiv/pub/epidemiology/epidemic/en/

ALHIV face a myriad of challenges unanticipated by the health sector. Teenagers and young adults are disproportionately affected by poverty, have lower levels of education, higher levels of unemployment and homelessness. http://www.unicef.org/botswana/BCO__Annual_Report_2011.pdf

Globally, mortality rates from HIV are declining, however increasing among adolescents due to poor adherence to medication. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2009/WHO_FCH_CAH_ADH_09.05_eng.pdf

A comprehensive multi-country assessment of service provisions for adolescents living with HIV in SSA found that treatment should be holistic, provide adolescent-specific training and capacity building, meaningfully involved ALHIV and improve linkages to care, support and transition to adult care.